Like Abu Hanifa (la), Ammar Nakshawani makes up the religion as he goes along, bending it to his opinion, whims and analogies.
Imam Baqir (as)
(I think I sank to the bottom of that sea a long time ago…)
I think Grand Ayatollah al-Khoei provides a sufficient explanation (and defense) of this as follows:
“There are some people who do not believe Amir-Al-Momineen (as) and other Imam’s (as) to be God but believe that the Imam’s (as) are the most beloved and closest to Allah (swt) and hence give Rizq (sustenance) to the creations of Allah (swt) and also believe that it is Allah (swt) who is true sustainer (Raziq). This is similar to the case of angel of death being the one who gives death, the angel of rain sending down rainfall, Prophet Isa (as) giving life to the dead with the will/permission of Allah (swt) as has come in the Holy Quran. Having such a belief is not Kufr and is not a rejection of any belief of Shiasm. In fact as defined above the belief of Imam’s (as) being the “Creator - خالق” and “Sustainer - رازق” is not wrong and is not exaggeration (غلو) and also there is no alternative but to accept this.”
It should also be noted that this is not a strange of foreign belief to tashayyu` and has been espoused both classically as well as by modern scholars ranging from Khomeini to Ayatollahs al-Khoei and Shirazi. To the extent that it appears controversial, this is largely due to a misunderstanding of what precisely is meant by the term.
There is probably some broader context, I haven’t checked the source myself. Probably it is available on mezan.net, but my Arabic is not good enough for that site to be of much value to me. On the other hand, he has said a lot of things outside of the boundaries of the religion that he has “gotten away with,” such as expressing doubt about the assault on Sayyeda Fatimah, the authenticity of Ziyarat `Ashura, the permissibility of masturbation (albeit for women only), the permissibility of takattuf, the denial of the third holy shahada as part of the adhan and iqamah, etc., and has made various comments praising the enemies of Sayyeda Fatimah and Ahlul Bayt at large (peace be upon them). IIRC, he also issued a rather infamous fatwa on the permissibility of suicide bombing. All of this led a significant number of renowned scholars to declare him outside of the religion.
Different books. Tafsir al-Qummi is one of the oldest and most reliable classical Shi`i tafasir, compiled (mainly) by Shaykh `Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Qummi. The only comparable ones, really, are maybe Tafsir al-`Ayyashi, Tafsir al-Furat and—more recently, relatively speaking—al-Burhan by Shaykh Bahrani, which is sort of a compilation of the aforementioned books with other additions as well. Unfortunately, none of these are available in English yet—at least not as complete translations, although parts of them are available here and there online. AFAIK, one Pakistani publisher is producing an English translation of Tafsir al-Qummi and insha’Allah it will be available relatively soon (I really can’t wait to get my hands on it, personally). Brother MacIsaac has also been working on translating the book himself over at tashayyu.org, but that may be somewhat on hold as he seems busy compiling his own tafsir based on narrations gathered from other classical sources.
For those of you follow me on tumblr but aren’t aware, I recently completed a book on the subject of tabarra a couple of months ago. I finally received review copies from the printer today, and once it has been read and re-edited by the reviewers, I’ll post a link for anyone interested who would like to purchase a copy. Insha’Allah, I am hoping to have the finalized copy publicly available by sometime in June, if not sooner!
Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Sayed Morteza Shirazi, Hojjatoleslam Sayed Mehdi Shirazi
Arrests ceased for almost six months, but started again on 19 June 1996 with the arrest of Hojjatoleslam Sayed Mehdi Shirazi, the fourth son of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, while in a car between Qom and Tehran. On the same day Hojjatoleslam ‘Ali Rumaythi, a member of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi’s staff, was arrested in Qom. On 20 June, Hojjatoleslam Sheikh Hossein Dhakeri(the brother of Sheikh Mohammad Taqi Dhakeri and Hadi Akhound Dhakeri), another member of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi’s staff, was arrested, also in Qom. On 20 or 21 June, Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Sheikh Azizollah Hassani(aged about 60) was arrested in Tehran. Also in June, thewife of Sayed Sadeq Fali, a follower of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi said to have been exiled to Iranshahr in 1995 by the Special Court for the Clergy, was reportedly arrested in Qom following an argument with security forces surrounding an Islamic centre linked to Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, who are said to have beaten her in public. She was released on bail after a couple of days to await trial before the Special Court for the Clergy. Other members of the Fali family, who also follow Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, are reported to have been arrested, tortured and some sentenced to prison terms in previous years.
In September 1996, Hojjatoleslam Sheikh Fazel Fazeli, a follower of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi and a poet, was arrested from his home in Qom. According to unconfirmed reports, he was released shortly afterwards. Several others were arrested on 14 and 15 January 1997. They included Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Sheikh Mohammad Amin Ghafoori, a well-known religious figure and writer on Islamic themes, and his wife, and Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Sayed Hossein Fali who has reportedly been arrested several times before for association with Grand Ayatollah Shirazi. He is said to have been tortured during his previous detentions and to have undergone surgery as a result. Unconfirmed reports suggested that the latter three were all beaten during their arrests. Reports from detention have also indicated that they have been tortured during their detention.
Most of those listed above have been released at various times since July 1996. They include Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Abdolrahman Ha’eri; Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Sayed Abdolrasoul Musawi; Hojjatoleslam Taleb Salehi; Hojjatoleslam Mohammad ‘Ali Ma’ash; Iyad Fujian; Hojjatoleslam Sayed Abbas Musawi; Ahmad and Jalal Akhound; Sheikh Hossein Dhakeri; ‘Ali Rumaythi; Hojjatoleslam Sheikh Azizollah Hassani; Mohammad Ghaffari; and Mohammad Fazel al-Saffar. Sayed Morteza Shirazi was released for almost 48 hours between 21 and 23 October, after which he was summoned back to prison. He was released again on 1 January 1997; his younger brother Sayed Mehdi had been released a few days earlier on 28 December 1996. Among those still held are Sheikh Mohammad Taqi Dhakeri; Hadi Dhakeri; Iyad Fujian; Sheikh Mohammad Amin Ghafoori; and Hojjatoleslam val moslemin Sayed Hossein Fali.
Most, if not all of those from Qom arrested in 1995 were transferred to Tehran for further interrogation. They were held in incommunicado detention, probably in Tawhid Prison in Tehran until early 1996, when most received at least one family visit.
During their detention, there have also been reports that most, if not all of the detainees referred to above, have been tortured. Methods are reported to include:
beatings on different parts of the body, including prolonged beatings on the soles of the feet, after which the detainee is forced to walk on injured feet
cigarette burns on the tips of the fingers and the soles of the feet
burning with hot metal elements such as an iron, or hot liquids poured onto the body
prolonged enforced standing (sometimes on one leg) including in the snow during winter
detention in extremely confined spaces
suspension by the hands, ankles or other body parts from the ceiling and occasionally from a ceiling fan which was rotated with beatings administered at the same time
exposure to heat and cold for long periods
the plucking of hair from the beard or the head (which causes severe humiliation to religious figures, as well as physical pain)
shackling the arms in contorted and painful positions, such as the right arm behind the right ear and the left arm behind the back, and shackled at the wrist
prolonged sleep deprivation, reportedly up to 16 days
electric shocks, including in the mouth
threatened execution by electrocution after telling the detainee to write his will and attaching electrodes to the body
prolonged blindfolding for up to two months
the playing of extremely loud music or screams of other people apparently being tortured
- stating that relatives of the detainee have been arrested and threatening to torture them.
At least one, Sheikh ‘Ali Ma’ash, is reported to have required medical treatment after his release as a result of torture, including for a toe on his right foot which was broken and left untreated. At least one of the detainees is reported to have severe burn marks on his arms and neck, which is said to look like “a creased piece of material”. There have also been reports that detainees were denied access to medical treatment and given inappropriate treatment in prison for illnesses such as diabetes.
-Amnesty International, Iran: Human Rights Violations against Shi’a Religious Leaders and their Followers (June, 1997)
what good does bashing a passed away alim have? I am sure most of these are actually not said by him…
Uh huh. You’re sure because you don’t personally like what he said, but couldn’t be bothered to check the sources provided. In other words, personal opinion based solely on sentiment becomes a fact, by virtue of simply having occurred to you in the first place. Nice work there, Abu Hanifa. So much for “seeking knowledge even if it is in China.”
As for discussing a deceased “alim,” that is precisely the point: many people still misguidedly believe that he is a valid source of emulation, and so their taqlid may be invalid.